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        最新港口國監督程序IMO Res.A.1119(30)解讀

        時間:2018/1/30 9:11:02 點擊:

          內容提示:國際海事組織第30次會議通過了關于港口國監督檢查程序的IMO Resolution A.1119(30)號決議,它代替了原來的A.1052(27)成為港口國監督檢查依據。對比兩個決議,A.1119(30)在程序本身,和附錄上做出了許多修改。...
        最新港口國監督程序(IMO Resolution A.1119(30))解讀(一)

        國際海事組織第30次會議通過了關于港口國監督檢查程序的A.1119(30)號決議,它代替了原來的A.1052(27)成為港口國監督檢查依據。
        對比兩個決議,A.1119(30)在程序本身,和附錄上做出了許多修改。

        本期我們將和大家一起了解下,A.1119(30)在附錄2滯留指南方面有哪些改變。 

        Areas under the SOLAS Convention
        (屬于SOLAS公約范圍內可導致滯留的缺陷)
        1.Failure of proper operation of propulsion and other essential machinery, as well as electrical installations.
        2.Insufficient cleanliness of engine-room, excess amount of oily-water mixture in bilges, insulation of piping including exhaust pipes in engine-room contaminated by oil, and improper operation of bilge pumping arrangements.
        3.Failure of the proper operation of emergency generator, lighting, batteries and switches.
        4.Failure of proper operation of the main and auxiliary steering gear.
        5.Absence, insufficient capacity or serious deterioration of personal life-saving appliances, survival craft and launching and recovery arrangements 
        (see also MSC.1/Circ.1490/Rev.1).
        6.Absence, non-compliance or substantial deterioration to the extent that it cannot comply with its intended use of fire detection system, fire alarms, firefighting equipment, fixed fire-extinguishing installation, ventilation valves, fire dampers, and quick-closing devices.
        7.Absence, substantial deterioration or failure of proper operation of the cargo deck area fire protection on tankers.
        8.Absence, non-compliance or serious deterioration of lights, shapes or sound signals.
        9.Absence or failure of the proper operation of the radio equipment for distress and safety communication.
        10.Absence or failure of the proper operation of navigation equipment, taking the relevant provisions of SOLAS regulation V/16.2 into account.
        11.Absence of corrected navigational charts, and/or all other relevant nautical publications necessary for the intended voyage, taking into account that electronic charts may be used as a substitute for the charts.
        12.Absence of non-sparking exhaust ventilation for cargo pump-rooms.
        13.Serious deficiency in the operational requirements listed in appendix 7.
        14.Number, composition or certification of crew not corresponding with safe manning document.
        15.Non-implementation or failure to carry out the enhanced survey programme in accordance with SOLAS regulation XI-1/2 and the International Code on the Enhanced Programme of Inspections during Surveys of Bulk Carriers and Oil Tankers, 2011 (2011 ESP Code), as amended.
        16.Absence or failure of a voyage data recorder (VDR), when its use is compulsory.

        新老程序中條款的變化
        1、第5條
        最新港口國監督程序IMO Res.A.1119(30)解讀

        解讀:MSC.1/Circ.1490/Rev.1 中詳細規定了關于“remotely located survival craft”的救生衣、浸水服、照明設施、登乘梯等一系列配備要求和技術要求。“remotely located survival craft”是指貨船上從船首最前端或船尾最末端至最靠近的救生艇筏最近一端的水平距離超過100m的救生艇筏(SOLASregulation III/31.1.4)。
        注意:船員在日常維護及檢查官在檢查過程中應當注意船舶是否滿足公約對于“remotely located survival craft”所提出的要求。

        2、第15條
        最新港口國監督程序IMO Res.A.1119(30)解讀
        解讀:《2011年國際散貨船和油船檢驗期間加強檢驗程序規則》(2011 ESP CODE)于2014年1月1日生效,作為一個強制性規則執行加強檢驗程序,替代原先的導則A.744(18).

        Areas under the MARPOL Convention, Annex IV
        (屬于MARPOL附則4公約范圍內可導致滯留的缺陷) 
        最新港口國監督程序中新增MARPOL Convention, Annex IV的內容
        最新港口國監督程序IMO Res.A.1119(30)解讀
        解讀:新增了關于“缺少有效的ISPP(國際防止生活污水污染)證書”、“污水處理裝置未經主管機關認可和證明”、“船員不熟悉排放要求”三項。
        A.1052(27)中提出了MARPOL附則IV還在待定過程。A.1119(30)則正式將生活污水列入了滯留的范疇,說明對船舶在防污染方面的要求被顯著提高。
        今后,船員和安檢員都應加強對此方面的關注。

        Areas under the MARPOL Convention, Annex VI
        (屬于MARPOL附則6公約范圍內可導致滯留的缺陷)
        1.Absence of valid IAPP Certificate and where relevant EIAPP Certificates and Technical Files.
        2.A marine diesel engine, with a power output of more than 130 kW, which is installed on board a ship constructed on or after 1 January 2000, or a marine diesel engine having undergone a major conversion on or after 1 January 2000, which does not comply with the NOx Technical Code 2008.
        3.The sulphur content of any fuel oil used on board ships exceeds the following limits:
        –.1  3.5% m/m on and after 1 January 2012; and 
        –.2  0.5% m/m on and after 1 January 2020.
        4.The sulphur content of any fuel used on board exceeds 0.1% m/m on and after 1 January 2015 while operating within a SOx emission control area, and respectively, as per provisions of regulation 14.
        5.An incinerator installed on board the ship on or after 1 January 2000 does not comply with requirements contained in appendix IV to the Annex, or the standard specifications for shipboard incinerators developed by the Organization (resolution MEPC.244(66)).
        6.Ship's personnel are not familiar with essential procedures regarding the operation of air pollution prevention equipment.
        7.Absence of valid IEEC (International Energy Efficiency Certificate).
        8.Absence of Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan (SEEMP) not specific for the ship (this may form part of the ship's Safety Management System (SMS)).

        新老程序中條款的變化

        1、第3條

        最新港口國監督程序IMO Res.A.1119(30)解讀

        解讀:關于船上使用的燃油中硫含量超標而導致滯留,刪除了2012年1月1日之前對船上使用的任何燃油的硫含量不應超過4.5%m/m的要求。目前到2020年1月1日之前都應滿足燃油的硫含量不應超過3.5%m/m的要求。

        2、第5條
        最新港口國監督程序IMO Res.A.1119(30)解讀

        解讀:MEPC.76(40)是于MEPC第四十屆會議上生效的,該決議提出了關于船用焚燒爐的標準規范,而MEPC.93(45)則是對MEPC.76(40)的一個修訂。MEPC.244(66)于2014年4月4日被采納,用來替代MEPC.76(40)和MEPC.93(45)。
        注意:MEPC.76(40)適用于處理能力(capacity)不超過1500KW的船用焚燒爐,而MEPC.244(66)中將適用范圍擴大到了處理能力不超過4000KW的船用焚燒爐。

        3、第7條,第8條(新增條款)
        最新港口國監督程序IMO Res.A.1119(30)解讀
        解讀:新增“缺少有效IEEC(國際能效證書)”以及“缺少特定的船舶能效管理計劃”兩條。值得注意的是,其中第八條可能是船舶體系的一部分。
        最新港口國監督程序進一步完善了船舶滯留指南,對船舶(特別是防污染方面)提出了更高的要求,望船員朋友和船東公司引起注意、加強日常監督管理!


        最新港口國監督程序IMO Res.A.1119(30)解讀

        最新港口國監督程序IMO Res.A.1119(30)解讀

        最新港口國監督程序IMO Res.A.1119(30)解讀

        最新港口國監督程序IMO Res.A.1119(30)解讀

        最新港口國監督程序IMO Res.A.1119(30)解讀

        作者:陽光安檢 來源:浦東海事

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