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        船用柴油機常用專業英語表

        時間:2017/12/22 10:15:54 點擊:

          內容提示:本文總結了柴油機部件及操作中常用詞匯,歡迎收藏...

        本文總結了柴油機部件及操作中常用詞匯,歡迎收藏

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        二沖程船用柴油機     two stroke marine dieselengine

        四沖程船用柴油機     four stroke marine dieselengine

        高(中,低)速柴油機 high(medium,lower)speed engine

        氣缸                 cylinder

        氣缸蓋               cylindercover(cylinder head)

        蘇爾壽發動機         Sulzer engine

        B&W型發動機          Burmeister and Wain engine

        哥塔維根型發動機     Gotaverken engine

        曼恩型發動機         M.A.N.engine

        V型發動機            V-type engine

        直流掃氣式發動機     uniflow scavenging typeengine

        回流掃氣式發動機     loop flow scavenging typeengine

        橫流掃氣式發動機     crow-flow scavenging typeengine

        十字頭式發動機       crosshead engine

        筒形活塞式發動機     trunk-ppiston engine

        渦輪增壓式發動機     turbocharge engine

        固定部件             fixed parts

        耐磨部件             wear parts

        運動部件             moving parts

        互換部件             interchangeableparts

        氣缸套               cylinder liner

        示功閥               indicatorcock(indicator valve)

        安全閥               safety valve

        氣缸啟動閥           cylinder airstarting valve

        缸套頂圈             head ring forcylinder liner

        排氣閥               exhaust valve

        進氣閥               air inletvalve(suction valve)

        氣閥傳動機構         valve drivingmechanism

        頂桿                 tapper rod

        推桿                 push rod

        搖臂                 rocker rod(rocking lever)

        活塞                 pistion

        十字頭式活塞         crosshead typepistion

        筒形活塞             trunk pistion

        活塞頭               pistioncrown(head)

        活塞裙               pistion skirt

        活塞體               pistion body

        活塞銷               pistion pin(gudgeon pin)

        活塞環               pistion ring

        氣環(壓縮環)       compression ring

        刮油環               oil scraperring(oil ring,scraper  ring)

        布油環               oildistributing ring

        耐磨環               wear ring

        活塞環槽             pistion ring groove

        活塞冷卻水管         pistion cooling pipe

        往復管               reciprocatingpipe

        伸縮管               telescope pipe

        鉸鏈管               articulatedpipe

        活塞桿               pistion rod

        活塞桿凸緣           pistion rod flange

        活塞桿填料函         stuffing box forpistion rod

        活塞桿填料箱         gland box for pistionrod.packing gland for pistion rod

        填料函殼體           stuffing box casing

        填料函張力彈簧       tension spring forstuffing box

        填料函密封環         sealing ring forstuffing box

        填料函刮油環         scraper ring forstuffing box

        填料函壓環           pressure ring for stuffing box

        填料函壓蓋           stuffing box gland

        十字頭               cross head

        十字頭銷             cross head pin

        十字頭銷軸承         cross headbearing(cross head pin bearing)

        十字頭滑塊           cross headshoe(guide shoe)

        十字頭導板           cross headguide(guide rail,guide way,guide plate)

        連桿                 connectingrod

        連桿小端軸承         connecting rod smallend bearing

        連桿大端軸承         connecting rod largeend bearing;connecting rod bottom end bearing

        曲柄銷軸承           crankpin bearing

        曲軸                 crank shaft

        曲軸臂               crank arm             

        曲軸銷               crank pin

        曲軸箱               crankcase

        曲軸箱道門           crankcasedoor(crankcase manhole)

        曲軸箱防爆門         crankcase explosiondoor

        主軸承               main bearing(bed plate bearing)

        倒掛式主軸承         main bearing of underslung type

        軸承軸瓦上半塊       bearing bush-upper half

        軸承襯下半塊         bearing shell-lowerhalf

        主軸承撐桿螺栓       main bearing stay bolt

        主軸頸               crank shaftjournal(main journal)

        機座                 bed plate

        底座橫隔板           bed platetransverse member

        機架                frame(column,entablature)

        底角螺栓             holding down bolt(anchor bolt)

        貫穿螺栓             through bolt (tierod,tie bolt)

        貫穿螺栓護蓋         protecting coveringfor tie rod

        貫穿螺栓導套         guide bush for tierod  

        推力軸               thrust shaft

        推力軸承             thrust bearing

        推力塊               thrust pad

        盤車機               turning gear

        廢氣渦輪增壓器       exhaust gas turbocharge(turbo-blower)

        增壓系統             super chargingsystem

        機械增壓             mechanicalsupercharging

        單(復)式增壓系統   single(complex)type supercharging system

        二級增壓             two-stagesupercharging

        定壓增壓系統         constant pressurecharging system

        脈沖增壓系統         impulse pressurecharging system

        變壓增壓             variable pressurecharging system

        串聯增壓             super charging inseries syatem

        并聯增壓             super charging inparallel system

        直流掃氣             unislowscavenging

        回流掃氣             loop scavenging

        橫流掃氣             cross scavenging

        氣口掃氣             port scavenging

        氣口-氣閥掃氣        port-valve scavenging

        掃氣口               scavenging port

        排氣口               exhaust port

        排氣總管             exhaust manifold

        排氣管               exhaust pipe

        上止點               top deadcenter(TDC)

        下止點               bottom deadcenter(BDC)

        燃燒室               combustionchamber

        吸氣行程             inlet(suction)atroke

        壓縮行程             compressionstroke

        做功行程             power (working)stroke

        排氣行程             exhaust stroke

        定時圖               timing diagram

        指示功               indicated power

        軸功                 shaft power

        示功圖               indicator power

        控制系統             control system

        啟動控制裝置         control devic forstarting

        起動裝置             starting devic

        主起動閥             main startingvalve

        空氣壓縮機           air compressor

        空氣瓶               air bottle(aircontainer,air cylinder,air reservoir)

        起動手柄             startinglever(starting handle)

        起動空氣控制閥       starting air controlvalve

        起動空氣導閥         starting air pilotvalve

        起動閥               starting valve

        分級活塞             stepped pistion

        起動閥連鎖裝置       starting valve blockingdevice

        起動凸輪             starting cam

        起動空氣管           starting air pipe

        單凸輪換向裝置       single cam reversingdevice

        雙凸輪換向裝置       double cam reversingdevice

        正車凸輪             ahead cam

        正車油缸             ahead oilcylinder (ahead oil bottle)

        自動停車裝置         automatic cut-outdevice

        空氣分配器凸輪       air distributor cam

        轉向指示器           running directionindicator

        換向桿               reversing lever

        換向控制桿           reversing controllever

        排氣凸輪             exhaust cam

        噴油凸輪             fuel cam

        主起動閥手輪         hand wheel forstarting valve

        飛輪                flywheel;turning wheel

        調速器               goernor

        調速裝置             control devicefor running the engine

        極限調速裝置         maximum-speed governorgear

        定速調速裝置         constant-speedgovernor gear

        全制式調速裝置       variable-speed governorgear

        機械調速器           mechanical governor

        液壓調速器           hydraulic governor

        車鐘                 telegraph

        凸輪傳動機構         camshaft transmissiongear

        鏈條傳動             chaintransmission(chain drive)

        齒輪傳動             gear tansmission

        鏈輪                 sprocket(sprocket wheel)

        惰輪                 idle wheel

        備車                 stand byengine

        完車                 finish engine

        停車                 stop engine

        微速前進(后退)     dead slow ahead (astern)

        前進(后退)一       slow ahead (astern)

        前進(后退)二       half ahead (astern)

        前進(后退)三       full ahead (astern)

        緊急前進(后退)三   emergency fullahead(astern)

        起動                 start

        倒車                 reverse

        空氣分配器           air distributor

        氣缸注油器           cylinder lubricator


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